Gillian Hart's Rethinking the South African Crisis Points to the Forces that Forged Julius Malema
Gillian Hart, author of Rethinking the South African Crisis: Nationalism, Populism, Hegemony, has written an article for the Mail & Guardian about the ANC’s hegemony in South Africa, and why it took so long for a leftist opposition like Julius Malema’s Economic Freedom Fighters to emerge.
Hart says there is a conflict between the capitalist class that holds power over the ANC today and that party’s traditional ethos.
In the article, a reaction to recent pieces on class and race by Achille Mbembe and Andile Mngxitama, Hart looks at the struggle between what she calls “denationalisation” and “renationalisation” – terms she coined in Rethinking the South African Crisis – and how it gave rise to the EFF. She also suggests an alternative solution to the current crisis, with reference to Govan Mbeki’s clandestine consultations with ordinary people before drafting the Freedom Charter, which she says examplified Frantz Fanon’s new humanism and Antonio Gramsci’s philosophy of praxis.
Read the article:
My book went to the printer shortly after the press conference announcing the formation of the EFF on July 11 last year. Throughout the text, however, I pointed to the forces creating the conditions for the return of Malema or a similar populist figure.
Clearly, the ongoing erosion of ANC hegemony is the primary reason for the support that the EFF is garnering – and for the way many in the ANC alliance are lashing out against it, including attaching a fascist label to Malema and the EFF.